Paris, city and capital of France, situated in the north-central part of the country. The city is ringed with great forests of beech and oak; they are called the “lungs of Paris,” for they help to purify the air in the heavily industrialized region. Paris has long been an important world center of higher education. Paris has for centuries been regarded as the main cultural powerhouse of the Western world, a magnet for artists and intellectuals and a place where new ideas originate and art reigns supreme. The Eiffel Tower is a wrought-iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France.