SPEAKERS

Syed M. Mohiuddin

Creighton University, USA

Harleen Singh

Oregon State University, USA

Carolina Donat Vargas

Karolinska Institutet, Sweden

Karsten Schenke

Asklepios Clinic Barmbek, Germany

Naseer Ahmed

Bright Future college of Nursing and allied Health sciences, Pakistan

World Cardiology Congress 2019 deals with study of basic researches in the field of Cardiology and critical care. The World Cardiology Congress 2019 will address the basic cardiology and the reciprocal connections between vasculature and human diseases ranging from cardiovascular, cardiac surgery and cardio critical care to organ fibrosis and cancer. World Cardiology Congress 2019 is the premier event that brings together a unique and International mix of experts, researchers and medical practitioners both from academia and industry across the globe to exchange their knowledge, experience and research innovations in Cardiology and critical care. We look forward to welcoming you to the beautiful city of Singapore.The conference will be held at the Holiday Inn Atrium,Singapore’s most sophisticated boutique venue with spectacular city views.

DETAILS OF WORLD CONGRESS ON CARDIOLOGY AND CRITICAL CARE

Conference Name Place Date
World Cardiology Congress 2019 Singapore July 25-26, 2019

Clinical and Interventional Cardiology
A clinical cardiologist diagnoses and treats conditions that affect the heart and surrounding blood vessels such as Coronary Artery Disease; Congestive Heart failure Management; Medical Management of Hypertension; Medical Management of Hyperlipidemia; Medical Management of Vascular Diseases such as Carotid Artery Disease; Medical Management of congenital heart conditions; Treatment of Endocarditis/Pericarditis; Treatment of Abnormal Heart rhythm including cardioversion for atrial fibrillation.
An interventional cardiology diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in addition to those and they perform procedures in the cardiac catheterization labs, such as Angioplasty and stenting of the coronary arteries. Balloon valvulopasty for severe aortic stenosis. Management of acute heart attacks with direct coronary angioplasty with the Code-Save-A-Heart Program.

Cardiovascular diseases
Cardiovascular diseases are a group of disorders of the heart diagnosis and blood vessels. Cardiovascular disease includes coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as angina and myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack). Other related diseases include stroke, heart failure, hypertension heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, cardiomyopathy, heart arrhythmia, congenital heart disease, valvular heart disease, Cardiac pharmacology, aortic aneurysms, peripheral artery disease, thrombo-embolic disease, and venous thrombosis. The most common reason for this is a build-up of fatty deposits on the inner walls of the blood vessels that supply the heart or brain. Strokes can also be caused by bleeding from a blood vessel in the brain or from blood clots.

Hypertension
High blood pressure is a serious medical disease The pressure of the blood being pumped through the arteries is higher during hypertension It often has no warning signs or symptoms Over time, the constant pressure overload causes accumulating damage that eventually becomes more than circulatory system can handle, often leading to serious health problems Treating high blood pressure take a pronged approach including, medication, exercise and diet changes.

Cardiomyopathies
Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle that makes it harder for your heart to pump blood to the rest of your body. Cardiomyopathy can lead to heart failure. The main types of cardiomyopathy include dilated, hypertrophic and restrictive cardiomyopathy. Treatment which might include medications, surgically implanted devices or, in severe cases, a heart transplant depends on which type of cardiomyopathy you have and how serious it is. There might be no signs or symptoms in the early stages of cardiomyopathy. But as the condition advances, signs and symptoms usually appear, including: Breathlessness with exertion or even at rest, Swelling of the legs, ankles and feet, Bloating of the abdomen due to fluid buildup, Cough while lying down, Fatigue, Heartbeats that feel rapid, pounding or fluttering, Chest discomfort or pressure, Dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting.

Atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis is the narrowing of arteries due to plaque buildup on the artery walls. Arteries carry blood from the heart to the rest of the body. They are lined with a thin layer of cells that keeps them smooth and allows blood to flow easily. This is called the endothelium. Atherosclerosis starts when the endothelium becomes damaged, allowing the harmful type of cholesterol to build up in the artery wall. The body sends a type of white blood cell to clean up this cholesterol, but, sometimes, the cells get stuck at the affected site. Over time, plaque can build up, made of cholesterol, macrophages, calcium, and other substances from the blood. Sometimes, the plaque grows to a certain size and stops growing, causing the individual no problems. However, sometimes, the plaque clogs up the artery, disrupting the flow of blood around the body. This makes blood clots more likely, which can result in life-threatening conditions. In some cases, the plaque eventually, breaks open. If this happens, platelets gather in the affected area and can stick together, forming blood clots. This can block the artery, leading to life-threatening complications, such as stroke and heart attack. The condition can affect the entire artery tree, but mainly affects the larger, high-pressure arteries.

Arrhythmia
An arrhythmia is a problem with the rate or rhythm of your heartbeat. It means that your heart beats too quickly, too slowly, or with an irregular pattern. When the heart beats faster than normal, it is called tachycardia. When the heart beats too slowly, it is called bradycardia. The most common type of arrhythmia is atrial fibrillation, which causes an irregular and fast heartbeat. Many factors can affect your heart’s rhythm, such as having had a heart attack, smoking, congenital heart defects, and stress. Some substances or medicines may also cause arrhythmias. Symptoms of arrhythmias includes fast or slow heartbeat, skipping beats, Lightheadedness or dizziness, Chest pain, Shortness of breath, Sweating

Heart stroke
A stroke happens when the blood supply to part of your brain is cut off, causing your brain cells to become damaged or die. During a stroke, brain cells in an affected part of your brain are damaged because they don’t get the oxygen and nutrients they need from your blood. This can affect your speech, as well as the way you think and move. Ischemic strokes, happen when an artery that supplies blood to your brain becomes blocked by a blood clot. The artery may already have become narrowed, so the blood clot cuts off the blood supply completely. Hemorrhagic strokes happen when a blood vessel ruptures causing a bleed inside the brain. This affects all the surrounding brain cells causing them to die. Mini-strokes, or transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), happen when there is a brief reduction in blood supply to part of the brain causing symptoms, such as temporary speech loss. A single occurrence doesn’t cause permanent damage to your brain and the symptoms usually pass within 24 hours.

Pediatric Cardiology
Pediatric Cardiology is for diagnosing congenital heart defects, performing diagnostic procedures such as echocardiograms, cardiac catheterization and electrophysiology studies, and for continual management of the onset of heart disease in infants, children and adolescents. Different types of inflammatory heart disease include myocarditis (the disease is characterized by heart muscle inflammation); Kawasaki’s disease is a rare childhood disease that affects blood vessels. Pericardial diseases may clinically be classified as acute pericarditis, pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade and constrictive pericarditis. Infectious endocarditis is a form of endocarditis. It is the inflammation of the inner tissues of the heart. These are the major inflammatory defects for Babies Heart. This cardiology conference, or rather all cardiology conferences, will help in networking, B2B partnerships between professionals and academic staff. Cardiology conferences, cardiac conferences are very important for ordinary people to be aware of the most important part of the human body.

Obesity and Heart
Obesity is a common problem in the United States. Current research suggests that one in three Americans is obese. Obesity and overweight are linked to several factors that increase ones risk for cardiovascular disease (coronary artery disease and stroke): High blood lipids, especially high triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, and total cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol, High blood pressure, Impaired glucose tolerance or type-2 (also called adult onset) diabetes, Metabolic syndrome, Obesity and overweight are also linked to hypertension and an enlarged left ventricle (left ventricular hypertrophy), increasing risk for heart failure. In addition, overweight and obesity can be related to some cancers, gallbladder disease and osteoarthritis. Obesity has been linked to: Heart disease, High blood pressure, High cholesterol, Heart failure, Heart attack, Type 2 diabetes, Obstructive sleep apnea, Breast, colorectal and other cancers, Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, Depression, Chronic pain.

Cardiac Imaging
Cardiac imaging is a subspecialty of diagnostic radiology. A cardiac radiologist supervises or performs and then interprets medical images to diagnose diseases of the heart such as heart disease, leaky heart valves and defects in the size and shape of the heart. A cardiac radiologist uses imaging techniques such as X-rays, ultrasound (echocardiograms), CT (computed tomography) scans and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans. These tests are used to screen for heart disease, determine what is causing your symptoms and monitor your heart and find out if your treatment is working. Cardiac (heart) imaging procedures include: CT Coronary Angiography (CTCA); Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring; MRI Heart (Cardiac MRI).

Echocardiography
Echocardiography or echo, is a painless test that uses sound waves to create moving pictures of your heart. The pictures show the size and shape of your heart. They also show how well your heart’s chambers and valves are working. Echo also can pinpoint areas of heart muscle that aren’t contracting well because of poor blood flow or injury from a previous heart attack. A type of echo called Doppler ultrasound shows how well blood flows through your heart’s chambers and valves. Echo can detect possible blood clots inside the heart, fluid buildup in the pericardium (the sac around the heart), and problems with the aorta. The aorta is the main artery that carries oxygen-rich blood from your heart to your body. Doctors also use echo to detect heart problems in infants and children.

Cardiac Transplantation
A heart transplant removes a damaged or diseased heart and replaces it with a healthy one. The healthy heart comes from a donor who has died. It is the last resort for people with heart failure when all other treatments have failed. The heart failure might have been caused by coronary heart disease, damaged heart valves or heart muscles, congenital heart defects, or viral infections of the heart. Although heart transplant surgery is a life-saving measure, it has many risks. Careful monitoring, treatment, and regular medical care can prevent or help manage some of these risks. After the surgery, most heart transplant patients can return to their normal levels of activity. However, fewer than 30 percent return to work for many different reasons.

Cardiac Intensive Care Unit
Cardiac care units, or CCUs (which some hospitals call acute coronary care units, cardiac intensive care units, or critical coronary care units), are specialized hospital wards dedicated to caring for people with serious or acute heart problems. Originally designed decades ago to care for people with acute heart attacks, CCUs now also routinely provide critical care to people with acute coronary syndrome, life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias, severe heart failure, and people recovering from cardiac surgery.

Cardiac Regeneration
Numerous pharmacological and device therapies have improved adverse cardiac remodelling and mortality in heart failure. However, none are able to regenerate damaged cardiac tissue. Stem cell based therapies using multipotent (adult) stem cells and pluripotent stem cells are new approaches that could potentially achieve the elusive goal of true cardiac regeneration. Over the past two decades, various stem cell based approaches have been shown to improve left ventricular function in pre-clinical animal models. Promising results rapidly led to clinical trials, initially using bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells, then mesenchymal stromal cell populations and, more recently, progenitor cells from the adult heart itself. These have been shown to be safe and have advanced our understanding of potential suitable recipients, cell delivery routes, and possible mechanisms of action. However, efficacy in these trials has been inconsistent. Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) are another potential source of stem cells for cardiac regeneration. They could theoretically provide an unlimited source of cardiomyocytes or cardiac progenitors. Pre-clinical studies in both small and large animal models have shown robust engraftment and improvements in cardiac function. The first clinical trial using hPSC-derived cardiac derivatives has now commenced and others are imminent. In this brief review article, we summarise recent developments in stem cell therapies aimed at cardiac regeneration, including discussion of types of cell and non-cell-based strategies being explored.

Cardiac Surgery
Cardiovascular surgery which is also known as surgery thoracic surgery is operated on the heart or great vessels by cardiac surgeons and it is the field of medicine involved in surgical treatment of organs inside the thorax. There are five types of cardiac surgery 1) Open heart surgery 2) Modern beating-heart surgery 3) Heart transplant 4) Coronary artery bypass grafting 5) Minimally invasive surgery and surgeries are done to treat complexity of ischemic heart disease, correct congenital heart disease, or treat valvular heart disease from various causes including endocarditis, rheumatic heart disease and atherosclerosis and advancement of cardiac surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass techniques has greatly reduced the mortality rates of these procedures. The surgery requires postoperative care to avoid complications. Laceration care is needed to avoid infection and minimize scarring. Swelling and loss of appetite are common, As mentioned Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most common type of heart surgery. CABG improves blood flow to the heart.

Cardiology – Future Medicine
Research advances have contributed to improved outcomes across all specialties, but the rate of advancement in cardiology has been exceptional. Concurrently, the population of patients with cardiac conditions continues to grow and greater public awareness has increased patients” expectations of new drugs and devices. Future Cardiology reflects this new era of cardiology and highlights the new molecular approach to advancing cardiovascular therapy. Coverage will also reflect the major technological advances in bioengineering in cardiology in terms of advanced and robust devices, miniaturization, imaging, system modeling and information management issues.

Trans-aortic valve replacement
TAVR is a minimally invasive procedure to replace a narrowed aortic valve that fails to open properly (aortic valve stenosis). Transcatheter aortic valve replacement is sometimes called transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). TAVR may be an option for people who are considered at intermediate or high risk of complications from surgical aortic valve replacement. TAVR may also be indicated in certain people who can’t undergo open-heart surgery. The decision to treat aortic stenosis with TAVR is made after consultation with a multidisciplinary group of medical and surgical heart specialists who together determine the best treatment option for each individual. TAVR can relieve the signs and symptoms of aortic valve stenosis and may improve survival in people who can’t undergo surgery or have a high risk of surgical complications.

Nuclear Cardiology
Heart disease is the dominant reason of death in the western world. Each year in the U.S.A, above 500,000 men and women die due to coronary artery disease. During the last two decades, major strides have been done in the analysis and treatment of heart disease. Nuclear Cardiology is the main reason for beginning of the diagnosis of heart disease and the assessment of disease extent and the detection of outcomes in the setting of coronary artery disease. Nuclear cardiology studies use non-invasive methods to analyze myocardial blood flow, determine the pumping function of the heart as well as visualize the size and placing of a heart attack. Among the techniques of nuclear cardiology, myocardial perfusion imaging is the most commonly used.

Call for Abstracts

World Cardiology Congress 2019 invites abstracts related to the new scientific research in all the fields of Cardiology and critical care & its related aspects. Registrants are invited to submit an abstract for consideration for oral and poster presentation. In general we encourage more specific to the current research fields representing innovation and recent technologies. Abstracts received will be reviewed by scientific committee from aspirants and categorized as speaker talks and poster presentations.

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