Session 1: Materials Science and Engineering
Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) is the study of all materials, from those we see and use every day such as a glass or a piece of sport equipment to those used in aerospace and medicine, combines engineering, physics and chemistry principles to solve real-world problems associated with nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology, energy, manufacturing and other major engineering disciplines.
Session 2: Advanced & Smart Materials
Smart materials: Smart materials are the materials reacting to some external stimulations and have one or more properties. We can also call them as responsive materials. These objects can change shape or behaviours with hot water, pressure, chemical, light or heat. Smart materials are basis of many applications, including sensors and also actuators, or artificial muscles, particularly as electro active polymers.
There are many types of smart material, of which are already common. Some examples are:
• Piezoelectric materials
• Shape memory alloys or polymers
• Photo voltaic materials
• Electro active polymers
• Magnetostrictive materials
Advanced materials: The materials which are utilized in high-technology applications are termed as advanced materials. These advanced materials are typically traditional type materials whose properties have been enhanced, and also newly developed, high-performance materials. Furthermore, they may be of all material types like metals, ceramics, polymers, and are normally expensive. Advanced materials which include semiconductors, bio-materials, and smart materials and Nano-engineered materials.
Session 3: Mining and Metallurgy
Material science plays a significant role in metallurgy. The powder metallurgy, it is a term that covers various methodologies in which materials or components are made from the metal powders. The metal removal processes can be avoided to decrease the costs. Pyro metallurgy embraces thermal treatment of minerals and metallurgical ores and concentrates to bring about physical and chemical transformations in the materials to allow retrieval of valued metals. A broad data of metallurgy can support us to extract the metal in a more possible manner. The extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth is called as Mining and Metallurgy is the field of Materials Science that deals with physical and chemical nature of the metallic & inter-metallic compounds and alloys.
Session 4: Polymer Science
Polymer science is an inter-linked area comprised of chemical, physical, engineering, processing and theoretical aspects. It also has huge impact on contemporary materials science. Polymer science is an increasing importance for everyone's daily life.
Many modern functional materials like gears, and devices have polymers as integral parts. Not surprisingly, roughly 35% of all scientists in the chemical industry work in the field of polymers. Its goal is to provide basis for the creation and characterization of polymeric materials and understanding for structure or property relationships. Polymer science has been the backbone of pharmaceuticals for decades.
Session 5: Biomaterials and Medical Devices
Biomaterial research has significant impact on the development as well as application of biotechnology. A biomaterial is any substance that has been modified to interact with biological systems for a medical purpose either a healing, repair, replace or a diagnostic one. As a science, biomaterials are about fifty years old. Biomaterials are used in Joint replacements, Bone plates, Intraocular lenses (IOLs) for eye surgery, Bone cement., Artificial ligaments and tendons, Dental implants for tooth fixation, Blood vessel prostheses, Heart valves, Radiotherapy, Drug delivery systems
Session 6: Advanced Ceramics and Composite Materials
The primeval ceramics made by humans were pottery objects, made from clay, either by itself or blended with other materials like silica, hardened, in fire. Then these will be glazed and fired to produce smooth, coloured surfaces, decrease porosity through the use of glassy, amorphous ceramic coatings on top of the crystalline ceramic substrates. These currently includes domestic, building and industrial products and also broad range of ceramic art. In the 20th century, new materials of ceramic type were developed for use in advanced ceramic engineering: such as in semiconductors. Polymers are investigated in the fields of biophysics and macromolecular science, and polymer science. polymer science primarily focus on the products arising from the linkage of repeating units by the covalent chemical bonds, emerging important areas of the science currently focus on non-covalent links. These composite materials are used for bridges, buildings, and also structures like boat hulls, swimming pool, shower stalls, race car bodies, bathtubs, water storage tanks, some cultured marble sinks.
Session 7: Advanced Bio-Materials & Bio-devices
Biomaterials are the fast developing field of bio gadgets. Plan and advancement of biomaterials assume a noteworthy part in the conclusion, treatment, and avoidance of illnesses. Biomaterials can be gotten either from nature or combined in the research facility utilizing an assortment of substance approaches using metallic parts, polymers, earthenware production or composite materials. They are frequently utilized and additionally adjusted for a therapeutic application, and in this way includes entire or part of a living structure or biomedical gadget which performs, enlarges, or replaces a characteristic capacity. Bio gadgets based focusing of medications may enhance the restorative accomplishment by restricting the unfavourable medication impacts and bringing about more patient consistence and achieving a higher adherence level.
Session 8: Brittle & Metallic Materials
Brittle material: Brittle material can be broke down with applying jut little stress on the material. The material fractures with no plastic deformation. Typically, we can hear the large audible snap sound when the brittle material breaks. The brittle material is also known as a material with low ductility.
Metallic materials: Materials that are like a metal; having the properties of the metal; containing or consisting of the metal are metallic materials. Metallic Materials include the elemental metal or compound or alloy. There are some 86 metals with distinct characteristic properties and some limited number of these metals have engineering importance. Accounting steel, about 80% of all metallic materials used in different applications.
Session 9: Industrial Engineering
Industrial engineering is the branch of engineering that concerns the improvement, development, implementation and evaluation of integrated systems of people, knowledge, equipment, energy, material and process. It draws upon the principles and methods of engineering analysis and synthesis. It eliminates waste of time, waste of money, materials, energy and other resources. Industrial Engineering is also known as Production Engineering, Operations management or Manufacturing Engineering depending on the viewpoint or motives of the user. In lean manufacturing systems, Industrial engineers work to eliminate wastage of time, money, materials, energy, and other resources.
Session 10: Applications of Advanced Materials
The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids. The intellectual origins of materials science stem from the Enlightenment, when researchers began to use analytical thinking from chemistry, physics, and engineering to understand ancient, phenomenological observations in metallurgy and mineralogy.
Nano medicine, Nano biotechnology, Green nanotechnology, Energy applications of nanotechnology, Industrial applications of nanotechnology, Potential applications of carbon nanotubes, Nano art, Nano electronics
Session 11: Nanotechnology & Energy
Nanotechnology is the study and application of extremely small things and can be used across all other science fields, such as biology, chemistry, physics, materials science, and engineering. This nanotechnology involves the ability to see and control the individual atoms and molecules. Everything on Earth is made up of atoms—the food we eat, the buildings and houses we live in, the clothes we wear and our own bodies also.
But something as small as an atom is impossible to see with our naked eye. In fact, it’s impossible to see with the microscopes typically which are used in a high school science labs. The microscopes needed to see things at the Nano scale were invented about 30 years ago.
Session 12: Nanosensors & Nanorobots
Nanorobots: Nanotechnology researchers have come up with a way to protect astronauts with several layers of bio-Nanorobots. In these Nano-enabled spacesuits, an outer layer will contain some bio-Nanorobots. These robots would be able to deal with medical emergencies by delivering drugs if the suit wearer were injured or became sick. They may also be able to repair the suit at the same time.
Nanosensors: Nanosensors can analyse the state of your entire body from a single drop of your blood. The plan is to be able to assess immune function, bone density, vitamin levels, the condition of the liver, heart health, and the status of lipids, such as fats, and triglycerides from this one drop of blood.
Session 13: Molecular Nanotechnology
Molecular Nanotechnology is the technology that is used to design complex structures through mechano synthesis process (mechanically guided chemical synthesis process), in order to obtain the correct atomic specifications. In this technology, the complex products are built by using Nano machines. This process is not at all similar to nanomaterials because it is based on molecular manufacturing. The MNS process used for this technology will be assisted by complex molecular machines. This total process of molecular nanotechnology would include the combination of physical theories with chemical demonstrations and other nanotechnologies.
Session 14: Nanotechnology in AgricultureNanotechnology is helpful in agricultural sciences and reduction environmental pollution by replacing the usage of pesticides and chemical fertilizers by the nano particles and Nano capsules with absorption, delayed delivery, the ability to control, more effective and environmentally friendly and production of nano-crystals to increase the efficiency of pesticides for application of pesticides with lower dose. They can also be used to alter the kinetic profiles of drug release, leading to more sustained release of drugs with a reduced requirement for frequent dosing. This technology will also protect the environment indirectly through catalysts to reduce pollution and clean-up existing pollutants and through the use of renewable energy supplies and filters.
Session 15: Nano medicine & Nano biotechnologyNanomedicine, it is the application of nanotechnology for the prevention and treatment of disease in the human body. This evolving technology has the potential to dramatically change medical science. Nano biotechnology is the application in biological fields of nanotechnology. It is a multidisciplinary field that currently approach, technology and facility available in conventional and also advanced avenues of engineering, chemistry, physics and biology. Nano biotechnology is like to be advantageous as: 1. Drug targeting can be achieved by taking advantage of the distinct pathophysiological features of diseased tissues 2. Various Nano products can be accumulated at higher concentrations than normal.
Session 16: Nanophysics
Nanophysics is the physics of structures and artefacts with dimensions in the range nanometre or phenomena occurring in nanoseconds. In Nano science the modern physical methods whose fundamentals are developed in physics laboratories have become critically important. Nanophysics brings multiple disciplines together, using theoretical and experimental methods to determine the physical properties of materials in the range Nano scale. Some properties include the electronic, structural and thermal behaviour of nanomaterial: Electrical and thermal conductivity, the forces between Nano scale objects, and the transition between classical and quantum behaviour. This has now become an independent branch of physics. Simultaneously it expanding into many new areas and playing a vital role in fields that were once the domain of engineering, chemical, or life sciences.
Session 17: Nanotechnology in Communications & IT
Nanotechnology, it has become the most amazing studies and active research area in many fields including civil engineering, chemical engineering, electronics field and medicine and also in materials. In modern sciences, nanotechnology is considered as the next industrial revolution which may give more possibilities which exceed our expectations in all fields. In the telecommunication, nanotechnology could provide effective solutions for memory enlargement, power efficient computing, human machine interaction and sensing. Also in communications, nanotechnology provides ability to produce computer chips and sensors that are considerably faster, smaller, more energy efficient, and cheaper to manufacture than their present-day modules.
Session 18: Nano metrologyNano metrology is a sub-category of metrology and is concerned with the science of Nano scale level measurement including the quantitative determination of dimensions also the other physical properties e.g. mechanical, electrical and magnetic, optical properties and combination of chemical and biological properties of nanomaterial and tasks taking place at the nanoscale. The crucial role in order to produce nanomaterials and devices with a high degree of accuracy and reliability in nanomanufacturing is played by nanometrology.
Session 19: Future Prospects of Nanotechnologies and Commercial Viability
Nanoscience and Molecular Nanotechnology is the new outcome of science and innovation around the globe, working at the size of individual particles. Nanotechnology has transformed many domains of food science, especially preservation and safety of food. A wide range of nanomaterials have witnessed their applications in food industry. Nanotechnology also offers advantageous benefits on human health than conventional approaches. Encapsulation of nutraceuticals improves their stability, and bioavailability leading to beneficial effects to humans.