Session 1: Cancer Biology
Cancer is Associate in Nursing abnormality in an exceedingly cell's internal regulative mechanisms that lead to uncontrolled growth and copy of the cell. This sounds easy, however, there is a unit in all probability additional regulative interactions occurring among a cell than there are a unit interactions among folks. Cancers area unit additional outlined and classified by their cell sort, tissue, or organ of origin. NCI supports and directs the analysis of the biological variations between traditional cells and cancer cells through a range of programs and approaches. As an example, the Division of Cancer Biology (DCB) supports interschool researchers World Health Organization area unit employing a style of strategies to review cancer biology.
DCB supports analysis on:
• The metabolism of cancer cells, the responses of cancer cells to fret, and mechanisms concerned up to speed of the cell cycle
• Biological agents (such as viruses and bacteria), host factors (such as avoirdupois, co-morbid conditions, and age), and behaviors (such as dietary intake) which will cause or contribute to the event of cancer
• The role of the microenvironment created by inflammation and therefore the inflammatory communication molecules within the formation and progression of tumors
• Processes and molecular targets wherever there's potential for therapeutic or preventive intervention
• The effects of drive on tumour cell invasion and metastasis
• The role of corporeal stem cells in decisive tumour progression and pathological process behavior, and management of the somatic cell niche by tumor microenvironm
Session 2: Breast cancer
Breast cancer could be an unwellness during which cells within the breast grow out of control. There are totally different kinds of carcinoma. The type of carcinoma depends on that cells within the breast become cancer. The foremost common forms of carcinoma are
Invasive ductal cancer: The cancer cells grow outside the ducts into different elements of the breast tissue. Invasive cancer cells also can unfold, or metastasize, to different elements of the body.
Invasive lobe cancer: Cancer cells unfold from the lobules to the breast tissues that square measure available. These invasive cancer cells also can unfold to different elements of the body.
Session 3: Neuro-Oncology
The Division of Neuro-Oncology, comprehensive analysis and diagnosing, forefront treatment choices, thorough follow-up and psychosocial support. Basic information of the classification and management standards of gliomas area unit necessary to form certain adequate patient care in each clinical setting. That area unit essential manifestations of advanced cancer and want competent care. Among the malignant brain cancers, gliomas of the advanced piece and anatomical structure, neoplasm multiforme, and best (highly anaplastic) astrocytoma unit among the worst. The diseases encompassed at intervals the neuro-oncology field and our understanding of them have raised quickly throughout the past thirty years.
Session 4: Cancer Epidemiology
Cancer medicine is that the study of the distribution and determinants of the chance of cancer development. Cancer medicine will be accustomed to establish events that increase or decrease cancer incidence in specific populations. This should cope with issues of interval bias and length time bias. Interval bias is that the thought that early designation might by artificial means inflate the survival statistics of cancer, while not extremely up the explanation of the sickness. The tendency of screening tests to diagnose diseases which will not really impact the patient's longevity. This drawback particularly applies to prostatic adenocarcinoma and PSA screening.
Session 5: Cell Signalling
Cell signalling is a communication process that governs basic activities of cells. The power of cells to understand and properly reply to their small setting is that the idea of development, tissue repair, and immunity, to boot as ancient tissue physiological state. Errors in signalling interactions and cellular study may cause diseases like cancer, pathology, and polygenic disorder. Signalling generally involves the following steps:
1. Synthesis and unleash of the signalling molecule by the signalling cell
2. Transport of the signalling to the target cell
3. Initiation of signal-transduction pathways.
Session 6: DNA Damage & Mutation
DNA harm is distinctly totally different from mutation, although each area unit styles of error in the polymer. Polymer harm is an abnormal chemical structure in polymer, whereas a mutation may be a modification in the sequence of standard base pairs. Polymer damages cause changes within the structure of the genetic material and prevents the replication mechanism from functioning and performing properly.
DNA harm and mutation have completely different biological consequences. Whereas most polymer damages will endure polymer repair, such repair isn't 100% economical. Un-repaired polymer damages accumulate in non-replicating cells, like cells within the brains or muscles of adult mammals, and may cause aging. In replicating cells, like cells lining the colon, errors occur upon replication past damages within the templet strand of polymer or throughout the repair of polymer damages. These errors will make to mutations or epigenetic alterations. Each of those styles of alteration is replicated and passed on to future cell generations. These alterations will modification factor perform or regulation of organic phenomenon and probably contribute to progression to cancer.
Session 7: Cancer Pathology
Pathology is the study of disease. It's the bridge between science and medicine. It underpins diagnostic testing and treatment advice to exploitation cutting-edge genetic technologies and preventing disease. A pathology document that gives information about a diagnosis, such as cancer. Cancer pathology is given for physical therapists interested in cancer treatment programs. The connection of cancer pathology to diagnosis and treatment is illustrated. Pathology reports include not only histopathology diagnoses but also specific information relating to prognosis and treatment.
Session 8: Genetic Disorders
A genetic disorder could be a genetic drawback caused by one or more abnormalities formed within the order. Most genetic disorders are quite rare and have an effect on one person in every many thousands or millions. The earliest known genetic condition in a very hominid was in the fossil species Paranthropus robustus, with over a third of people displaying Amelogenesis imperfecta.
Genetic disorders could also be hereditary or non-hereditary, which means that they are passed down from the parents' genes. However, in some genetic disorders, defects could also be caused by new mutations, altered constitution, or changes to the DNA.
Session 9: Cancer Biomarker
One of the best ways to diagnose cancer early, aid in its prognosis, or predict therapeutic response, is to use bodily fluid or tissue biomarkers. Cancer biomarkers can be deoxyribonucleic acid, mRNA, proteins, metabolites, or processes such as cell death, development or proliferation. Cancer biomarkers are often used for prognosis: to predict the natural course of a tumor, indicating whether or not the result for the patient is likely to be good or poor (prognosis). The application of cancer biomarkers remains controversial. Cancer biomarkers can play a role in screening the overall population, or a medical diagnosis in symptomatic patients, and clinical staging of cancer. These markers can be used to estimate tumor volume, to gauge the response to treatment, to assess illness repetition through monitoring, or as prognostic indicators of illness progression.
Session 10: Radiology and Imaging Technology
Radiology may be a branch of drugs that uses imaging technology to diagnose and treat illness. Radiology is additionally divided into 2 completely different areas, diagnostic radiology, and interventional radiology. Diagnostic radiology helps health care professionals see structures within your body. Interventional radiologists typically are concerned in treating cancers or tumors, blockages among the arteries and veins, fibroids within the uterus, back pain, liver issues, and excretory organ issues.
Imaging technology is the application of materials and ways to make, preserve, or duplicate pictures.
· Imaging technology materials and ways include:
· Computer graphics
· Virtual camera system utilized in laptop and video games and virtual photography
· Microfilm and Micrographics
Session 11: Cancer Nanotechnology
Cancer may be a cluster of diseases driven by inherently non-structural issues. As such, there square measure obvious advantages to treatments using Nanoscale structures and processes. Cancer Nanotechnology aims to cut edge research; to promote emerging trends in the use of nanostructures and the induction of Nanoscale processes for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment of cancer; and to cover related ancillary areas. Cancer technology is present as a neighborhood of the Science Citation Index enlarged (SCIE) that suggests it's completely searchable in the net of Science, revealed by Clarivate Analytics.
Session 12: Chemo and Radiation Therapy
Chemotherapy is a form of chemical drug therapy meant to destroy rapidly growing cells in the body. It is used to treat cancer, as cancer cells grow and divide faster than other cells. Chemotherapy is often used in combination with other therapies, like surgery, radiation, or endocrine therapy. This depends on:
• Your overall health
• Previous cancer treatments you’ve had
• The location of the cancer cells
Radiation therapy is one type of cancer treatment that uses beams of intense energy to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy most often uses X-rays, but protons or other types of energy can also be used.
Session 13: Gene therapy
Gene medical aid is associate degree experimental technique that uses genes to treat or stop unwellness. Within the future, this method could permit doctors to treat a disorder by inserting a factor into a patient’s cells rather than victimization medicine or surgery. Researcher’s area unit testing many approaches to factor medical aid, including:
. Replacing a mutated factor that causes unwellness with a healthy copy of the factor.
. Inactivating, or “knocking out,” a mutated factor that's functioning improperly.
. Introducing a brand new factor into the body to assist fight an unwellness.
Gene medical aid is intended to introduce genetic material into cells to make amends for abnormal genes or to form a useful macromolecule. If a mutated factor causes a necessary macromolecule to be faulty or missing, factor medical aid is also able to introduce a traditional copy of the factor to revive the performance of the macromolecule.
Session 14: Cancer immunology and Immunotherapy
Cancer immunology is in the role of progression and development of cancer; the most well-known application is cancer immunotherapy, which utilizes the immune system as a treatment for cancer. Cancer immunosurveillance is based on protection against the development of tumors in animal systems and identification of targets for immune recognition of human cancer. Immunotherapy is a treatment that uses certain components of a person’s immune system to fight diseases such as cancer. The main varieties of immunotherapy currently being used to treat cancer include: organism antibodies, Immune checkpoint inhibitors, Cancer vaccines, other, non-specific immunotherapies.
Session 15: Stem-Cell Therapy
Stem cells are the body's raw materials with specialized functions are generated. At the right conditions in the body or a laboratory, stem cells divide to form more cells called daughter cells.
These daughter cells have more specific functions, such as blood cells, brain cells, heart muscle cells or bone cells. No other cell in the body does not as the ability to generate new cell types. Stem-cell therapy is the use of stem cells to treat or prevent any illness or condition. Stem-cell therapy has the ability to create stem cells using somatic cell nuclear transfer and their use of techniques to create induced pluripotent stem cells.
Session 16: Vaccine for Cancer
Vaccines are medicines that help the body. Vaccines can train the immune system to recognize and destroy harmful substances. There are two types of cancer vaccines:
• Prevention vaccines
• Treatment vaccines
There are two types of cancer prevention vaccines
HPV vaccine. The vaccine protects against the human papillomavirus (HPV). It can cause some types of cancer. The office has approved HPV vaccines to prevent:
• Cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancer
• Anal cancer
• Genital warts
Hepatitis B vaccine. This vaccine prevents hepatitis b virus (HBV) infection. Long-lasting infection with HBV can cause liver cancer.
Session 17: Clinical and Medical Case Reports
Clinical & Medical is an international, novel fundamental and applied research related to all aspects of Clinical & Medical Case Reports. Clinical & Medical is a peer-reviewed the online open-access journal publishes quality research articles, mini-communications, reviews, reports, case studies, clinical surveys, editorials, etc., related to all aspects of Clinical & Medical Case Reports. Through this, we hope to serve the international community of students, researchers, academicians and other professionals in enlightening the recent trends in emerging fields of Clinical & Medical Case Reports.
Session 18: Advances in Cancer Research and Treatment
Advances in Cancer research (ACR) has a discovery that encompasses the beginning of the revolution in biology. The DNA double helix. in the first one hundred volumes are found many contributions by some of those who helped shape the revolution and who made many of the remarkable discoveries in cancer research that have developed from it. Advances in cancer research are
Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy helps your immune system attack cancer. This treatment works in several ways, including:
• Preventing cancer from hiding
• Boosting response against cancer
There are some treatments in the works right now:
· Checkpoint inhibitors
· Monoclonal antibodies
· Adoptive cell transfer
Session 19: Managing cancer care & patient support
We can manage cancer by Finding Health Care Services, Managing prices, and Medical information, Advance Directives, using trusted Resources. Getting the right care sometimes means cancer patients must travel to a treatment center far from home. Distant travel is often needed where we work overseas. This travel leads to physical, emotional, and financial burdens for many during such a challenging time.