Abstract Submission opens:
September 30, 2019
Abstract Submission Deadline:
April 01, 2020
Standard Registration opens:
September 30, 2019
Standard Registration Deadline:
April 05, 2020
Biotechnology involves in living systems and organisms that develop applications to make/ modify products for specific use. Depending on applications, it overlaps with the related fields of molecular biology, bio-engineering, biomedical engineering, bio manufacturing, molecular engineering, etc.
Stem cell biotechnology:
Stem cell biotechnology develops tools and therapeutics through modification and engineering of stem cells. Stem cells differentiate into other types of cells, and also divide in self-renewal to produce more of the same type of stem cells. Adult stem cells used in various medical therapies. Stem cells artificially grown and transformed into specialized cell types consistent with cells of various tissues such as muscles or nerves. Autologous embryonic stem cells generated through somatic cell nuclear transfer have been proposed for future therapies.
Regenerative medicine is an Inter disciplinary branch that tends to repair or regenerate damaged cells or tissues to regain or restore their normal function. Regenerative medicine is process of growing tissues and organs in the laboratory and implanting them when the body cannot heal itself. The injection of stem cells or progenitor cells obtained through directed differentiation cell therapies.
Industrial biotechnology is most promising new approaches to pollution prevention, resource conservation, and cost reduction. It is referred as the third wave in biotechnology. Industrial biotechnology have a larger impact on the world than health care and agricultural biotechnology. Also, since many of its products do not require the lengthy review times that drug products must undergo, it's a quicker, easier pathway to the market. Today, new industrial processes can be taken from lab study to commercial application in two to five years, compared to up to a decade for drugs.
Microbial biotechnology is a technological application that uses microbiological systems, microbial organisms to make products for specific use. Current agricultural and industrial practices have the generation of large amounts of various low-value or negative cost crude wastes, which are difficult to treat and valorize.
Nano biotechnology helps to indicate the merger of biological research with various fields of nanotechnology. Nano devices such as biological machines, nanoparticles, and Nano scale phenomena that occurs within the discipline of nanotechnology. This technical approach allows scientists to imagine and create systems that can be used for biological research. In Nanotechnology uses biological systems are inspirations for technologies not yet created.
Agricultural biotechnology is an agricultural science involving the use of scientific techniques, tools which includes genetic engineering, molecular markers and diagnostics, vaccines, and tissue culture, to modify the living organisms, plants, animals, and microorganisms. Crop biotechnology is one aspect of agricultural biotechnology which is greatly developed in recent times.
Forest biotechnology is a growing field and it has many potential benefits for humankind and our environment. Lastly, trees are keystone species in many environments and are necessary for the maintenance of healthy forests and for restoration of damaged ecosystems.
Modern biotechnology plays an important role in meeting our future food demands in a sustainable manner. Biotech increase crop yields and help to develop new crops. The technology is not only improving the nutritional quality of staple foods but can also diminish the need to cultivate crops on deforested land. The advances in biotechnology are reducing the time and cost to develop improved food and feed strains. New biotechnology tools enable scientists to introduce biochemical pathways to cells so we can breed plants that are safe and cost-effective sources of these nutrients.
Marine biotechnology is an area where products are derived from a wide variety of marine animals and plants. This area also includes aquaculture, where aquatic organisms are grown in culture and used for food, fuel, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and other products. Aquaculture is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms. Aquaculture involves cultivating fresh and salt water under controlled conditions and can be contrasted with commercial fishing, which is the harvesting of wild fish.
Biotechnology provides new tools for improving human health and animal health and increasing livestock productivity. Ever since the modern human species arrived on the surface of this planet and started walking around and started living in groups. Also reared them and stock piled them under care. This is the beginning of animal and plant farming. Observe the variation among the same animal and plants cross bred them to develop new varieties.
Molecular genetics is concerned with the arrangement of genes on DNA molecule, the replication of DNA, the transcription of DNA into RNA, and the translation of RNA into proteins. Gene amplification, separation and detection, and expression are some of the general techniques used for molecular genetics.
It is the field of biology that studies the structure and function of genes at a molecular levels and employs methods of both molecular biology and genetics. The study of chromosomes and gene expression of an organism gives insight into heredity, genetic variation, and mutations.
Environmental biotechnology addresses the environmental problems, such as removal of pollution, renewable energy generation or biomass production, by exploiting biological processes. Environmental biotechnology helps to avoid the use of hazardous pollutants and wastes that affect natural resources.
The development of society should be done in such a way that it helps to protect our environment and also helps us to development it. Biotechnology Provides Clean Air, Water and Green Products. New industrial and environmental biotechnology helps to make the manufacturing process of cleaner.
Pharmaceutical biotechnology is a growing field in which the principles of biotechnology are applied to the development of drugs. A majority of therapeutic drugs are bio formulations, such as antibodies, nucleic acid products, and vaccines. Biotechnological methods become an important tool in pharmaceutical drug research and development.
Drug design is the inventive process of finding new medications based on the knowledge of a biological target. The design of molecules that are complementary in shape and charge to the bimolecular target with which they interact and therefore will bind to it.
Biomedical engineering is a combination of both medicine and engineering to improve the quality of health care through innovative medical devices and processes. Biomedical engineering is an exciting career field. This field fills the gap between engineering and medicine, combining the design and problem-solving skills of engineering with medical biological sciences advance health care treatment, including diagnosis, monitoring, and therapy. This involves equipment recommendations, procurement, routine testing.
Soil fertility refers to the ability of soil to sustain agricultural plant growth and provide plant habitat and result in sustained and consistent yields of high quality. A fertile soil has the following properties.
The ability of plant nutrients and water in adequate amounts and proportions for plant growth and reproduction
The absence of toxic substances which may inhibit plant growth.
Regenerative agriculture has many benefits beyond carbon storage! It increases the water of the soil holding capacity, stops soil erosion, protects the purity of groundwater and sets up the conditions for crops to become more disease and pest resilient. The benefits are many-fold.
Biofuels are a renewable energy source, made from organic matter that plays an important role in reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Biofuels are one of the largest sources of renewable energy in use today. In the transport sector, these are blended with existing fuels such as gasoline and diesel. There are various ways of making biofuels, but they generally use chemical reactions, fermentation, and heat to break down the starches, sugars, and other molecules in plants. The resulting products are then refined to produce fuel for vehicles.
Bioenergy refers to electricity and gas that is generated from organic matter, known as biomass. This is anything from plants and timber to agricultural and food waste – and even sewage. The term bioenergy also covers transport fuels produced from organic matter. Bioenergy comes from trees and crops grown for their energy content and from by-products such as sewage, straw, manure, animal and vegetable fat and rubbish. Biomass can be burned to produce heat. This heat can be used directly or used to generate electricity.
Biodegradation is the phenomenon of the biological transformation of organic compounds by living organisms, particularly microorganisms. Bioremediation refers to the process of using microorganisms to remove the environmental pollutants and toxic wastes found in soil, water, air, etc.
Bioremediation is a process used to treat contaminated media, including water, soil and subsurface material, by altering environmental conditions. To stimulate the growth of microorganisms and degrade the target pollutants. Mostly bioremediation is less expensive and more sustainable than other remediation alternatives.
Biological Medicine works with the biology of the body and its natural healing capabilities as well as the spiritual, emotional and physical aspects of the disease. Disease means when a body’s regulation is not working properly and needs to be brought back into its natural dynamic state where the immune system is in full regulation.
It, therefore, looks for root causes for the presenting symptoms of the disease the underlying factors causing a person to present with a certain illness. These roots consist of several factors that have built up over time and can include; diet, food allergies, intestinal disturbances, family history, stress, environmental factors, heavy metals, dental problems, hyperacidity, trauma, exposure to bacteria or viruses or electromagnetic disturbances.
A biomaterial is a substance that is engineered to interact with biological systems for a medical purpose a therapeutic or a diagnostic one. Biomaterials are about fifty years old. It has experienced steady and strong growth. Many companies investing large amounts of money in the development of new products. Biomaterials science encompasses elements of medicine, biology, chemistry, tissue engineering, and materials science. Biomaterials are natural and used in medical applications to support, enhance, damaged tissue.
Biotechnology in wastewater treatment is activated sludge, trickling filters, oxidation ponds, bio filters, and anaerobic treatment. Furthermore, solid waste composting techniques, bio trickling filters, and bio sorption are examples of biotechnology applications in waste management.
Microbes break down many chemicals in the environment. Sewage treatment plants harness these microbial recyclers to clean up wastewater before it returns to streams, lakes, and groundwater.
An interdisciplinary field that develops the methods of biological data and software tools for understanding biological data is Bioinformatics. Computational biology is the application of data-analysis and theoretical methods to study biological data, mathematical modeling and computational simulation techniques to the study of biological data, ecological, behavioral, and social systems. To solve formal and practical problems from biological data Bioinformatics uses the algorithms, computational and statistical techniques. It combines biology, computer science, information engineering, mathematics and statistics to analyze and interpret biological data. Bioinformatics has been used for biological queries using mathematical and statistical techniques.
A biosensor is an analytical device that is used to detect a chemical substance, which combines a biological component with a physicochemical detector. The sensitive biological component is derived from biomimetic component that interacts, binds, or recognizes with the analytical under study.
It can also be created by biological engineering, which transforms one signal into another one, works in a physicochemical way which results from the interaction of the analytic with the biological element, to easily measure and quantify. The biosensor reader connects with the associated electronics/ signal processors that are responsible for the display of the results. It accounts to the most expensive part of the sensor device, possibly to generate user friendly display that includes transducer and sensitive element.
Biosimilars is a biological medical product that exhibits high molecular complexity and may be quite sensitive to change in manufacture process. It must maintain quality throughout lifecycle and Drug related authority EU's European Medicines Agency (EMA), the US's Food and Drug administration (FDA), and the Health Products and Food Branch of Health Canada that holds the safety of the biosimilars.
The design of new enzymes/ proteins with new/ desirable functions is Protein engineering that based on the use of recombine DNA technology to change amino acid sequences.
Earlier, protein engineering is mentioned as a promising technique within the biocatalyst engineering to improve enzyme/ proteins stability, efficiency and definite in low water systems but today owing to the development in recombine DNA technology and high-throughput screening techniques, protein engineering methods and applications are becoming increasingly important.
Bioethics is an intelligent examination of moral issues in medical services, wellbeing science and strategy. Bioethicists are worried about the moral inquiries that emerge in the connections among life sciences, biotechnology, medicine, governmental issues, law, and logic. The extent of bioethics can grow with biotechnology, including cloning, quality treatment, life expansion, human genetic engineering, astroethics and life in space and control of fundamental science through adjusted DNA, XNA and proteins. Biosafety is an anticipation of extensive scale loss of organic uprightness, concentrating both on environment and human wellbeing. Raising transgenic creatures and plants has fuelled moral concerns, and the researchers have confronted a great deal of protection where genetically altered harvest plants or reproductive cloning exploration of individuals is included. Therefore, biosafety and bioethics are ceaselessly being extended to join the justification of consistently.